Philodendron

plus Monstera and Epipremnum

Family: Araceae


These are popular as indoor or patio plants worldwide, but can also be grown outdoors in much of Queensland.



Where to buy

You should be able to find P. xanadu in most garden centres along with a variety of other Philodendrons. Monstera may be a little difficult to find commercially, but is available at some outlets.

More Information

There is enormous variety in leaf sizes and shapes within cultivated varieties of this genus. There are climbing and clumping forms. They are very popular all over the world as indoor plants, but here in South East Queensland many can be used very effectively in the landscape also. Indeed P. xanadu has become extremely popular for landscaping, grown as a garden edging or massed as a groundcover in tropical gardens.


Other Information Resources


Philodendron Queensland Poisons Information Centre
Philodendrons - Self-Heading Types University of Florida, USA
Philodendron Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Philodendrons for Central Florida Harry P. Leu Gardens (PDF)

Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum formerly called P. selloum.
Philodendron bipennifolium Horsehead Philodendron. University of Florida, USA
Philodendron selloum Selloum. University of Florida, USA
Philodendron selloum Louisiana State University
Hand Pollination of and seed propagation of Philodendron bipinnatifidum, syn P. selloum Reproduction of a 1996 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)

Philodendron xanadu

Philodendron xanadu at The Exotic Rainforest. Considerable information on this cultivar/species
Xanadu Philodendron 'Xanadu' At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Philodendron x 'Xanadu' University of Florida, USA

Philodendron
One of the dwarf landscaping Philodendrons (probably Xanadu) adding some welcome greenery to a commercial carpark, in spite of being surrounded by concrete in a west-facing position (Brisbane May 2013)

Other Philodenrons

Philodendron martianum Flask Philodendron. University of Florida, USA
Philodendron - Vining Philodendron scandens oxycardium. University of Florida, USA
Philodendron scandens Heart-Leaf Philodendron. University of Florida, USA

Philodendron melanochrysum (= P. andreanum) Black gold philodendron. The Royal Horticultural Society
Philodendron jacquinii Schott; jo sabi, makal Flora of Kaxil Kiuic, Yucatan, Mexico
Boron Deficiency in Philodendron (Philodendron sp.) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Magnesium Deficiency in Philodendron (Philodendron sp.) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Hybrid Philodendrons UF/IFAS Center for Landscape Conservation and Ecology, University of Florida
Philodendron improvement through hybridization Reproduction of a 1995 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)
Some notes on Philodendron hybrids Reproduction of a 1956 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)
Possible misspellings: Philodendren, Filodendron, Filodendren
Notes on poisoning: Philodendron cordatum Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System
Notes on poisoning: Philodendron scandens Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System


Pothos


Looking very similar to a climbing Philodendron but typically with yellow variegations, the pothos is a popular plant for hanging baskets but can also be grown up trees etc in gardens for a jungle effect.

Links
Golden Pothos Epipremnum aureum. University of Florida (PDF)
Scindapsus, Golden Pothos (Epipremnum pinnatum) Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Epipremnum elegans Harold L. Lyon Arboretum Plant Profiles, University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Epipremnum sp. L-94.0410 Harold L. Lyon Arboretum Plant Profiles, University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)


Monstera


Another plant with a philodendron-like look is the Monstera deliciosa. However, there are other, less frequently encountered Monstera species.

Links
Monstera deliciosa NSW Department of Agriculture (PDF)
Monstera deliciosa Split-Leaf Philodendron. University of Florida (PDF)
Monstera deliciosa Ecocrop database, FAO
Monstera (Monstera deliciosa) University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Monstera deliciosa Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA
Fruit salad plant Queensland Poisons Information Centre
Notes on poisoning: Monstera deliciosa Swiss-cheese plant Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System
Monstera deliciosa,Fruit-salad plant The Florez Nursery blog, NSW
Monstera karstenianum Post at "Albert's Greenhouse" blog
Monstera siltepecana El Salvador Post at "Albert's Greenhouse" blog
Possible Misspellings: Monsteria, Monsterio
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