Information about plants & gardens for Brisbane & Qld
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Palms

Family: Arecaceae


Palms will instantly "tropicise" your garden, and there are so many to choose from of different sizes, forms and leaf shapes. Some are solitary (single trunk) and others clumping (multiple trunks).

You can have a native tropical garden by choosing native palm species. The fruits can be useful for birds, too.

Palms are also useful for formal gardens in hot climates. An avenue of evenly-spaced, upright palms can be very impressive. They can also be used to frame an entrance or as feature specimens in garden beds.

The predictable upright growth of solitary palms and the non-woody root systems of make palms are more suitable for tight spaces than most types of woody, broadleaf trees. Nevertheless, the bases can expand quite substantially over time, so do allow sufficient clearance if locating near fences or garden edges. A clump of golden cane palms will take up more space still, even if thinned, yet is likely to be a better choice for suburban yards than very large woody trees.

Golden cane palms are dense enough to plant as a screen. Solitary palms will not provide total screening. What's more, the main leafy part of the trees move up as the tree grows. Nevertheless, this could be better than nothing if space is limited, especially in a situation where a tall building has gone up next door. A row of solitary palms could provide some screening plus a visual distraction - providing something more interesting to look at in the foreground.

Palms tend not to cast a lot of shade and it will move throughout the day. However, there will be some light shade cast. Apart form the practical utility, the patterns of light and shade on the ground will provide interest and soften the whole landscape. For more shade in one spot, try planting a number of palms in a grove.

For more in-depth coverage of palms suitable for South East Queensland gardens, subscribe to Get Results Gardening. It's a weekly mini-magazine in an email newsletter format. Besides plants suitable for the regions it discusses basic gardening technique, trends and design concepts that will be of interest to new and experienced gardeners across Australia. Request a free, no obligation trial today with a simple email. More information at calyx.com.au/getresultsgardening.html.






News


collection of microscope images of marginal leaflet transections used in the new Key
Some of the microscope images. Credit: Larry R. Noblick CC BY 4.0
Leaves a key to palm ID

Microscopic differences in the edges of leaves could be a useful way to distinguish palms. Comparing sections of the leaf margins of the palm genus Syagrus revealed characteristics distinctive enough to be used in a species identification key. This leaf slicing technique, which is readily done by hand, could be useful for identification when other plant parts (such as flowers) are not available or inconclusive. It may even be applicable to other plant groups. Source: First few millimeters of the leaf margin identify palm species in a new key to Syagrus (June 2017)


Older news at bottom of page.



Where to buy Palms in Qld

Most garden centres in Qld will carry some palms. However, you may have to seek out a palm specialist for a wider selection, rare species or more advanced specimens.

Sorry, no palm nurseries listed here at present. If you operate such a nursery (including online) offering palms for sale in Queensland, consider promoting your nursery on this page. Information for advertisers.




Some common landscaping palms

Below are some species commonly encountered in SE Qld landscapes with links to futher resources, to help new gardeners in the region.


Golden Cane Palm

This species is very popular in Queensland and is easily recognised in local gardens by its clumping nature and yellow leaf midribs. Obviously easy to grow in these conditions, but a little boring due to its ubiquity.
Dypsis lutescens = Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Golden Cane Palm Dypsis lutescens  Golden Cane Palm Dypsis lutescens  Golden Cane Palm Dypsis lutescens

Dypsis lutescens (Golden Cane Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Yellow Butterfly Palm. University of Florida
Dypsis lutescens, Areca Palm University of Florida
Areca Palm, Golden Palm, Golden Cane Palm Dypsis lutescens Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Dypsis lutescens Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Dypsis lutescens Harold L. Lyon Arboretum Plant Profiles, University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Potassium Deficiency in Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database


Alexandra Palm

Archontophoenix alexandrae
Other names: Alex palms, Alexander palm
Archontophoenix alexandrae Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Alexandra Palm Central Qld Coast Landcare Network
Archontophoenix alexandrae The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Archontophoenix Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Alexandra Palm At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Archontophoenix alexandrae Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)
New names for the northern Archontophoenix feather palms Society for Growing Australian Plants Queensland Region, Inc.
Archontophoenix alexandrae Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PDF)
Manganese Deficiency in Alexander Palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database

archontophoenix_alexandrae  archontophoenix_alexandrae
archontophoenix_alexandrae 
Archontophoenix alexandrae


Bangalow Palm

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Archontophoenix Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Save Our Waterways Now, Brisbane
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana The Australian Botanic Garden, Mount Annan
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Bangalow Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Piccabeen Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) Flora of Lamington National Park, Qld

archontophoenix_cunninghamiana  archontophoenix_cunninghamiana
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana


Foxtail Palm

Wodyetia bifurcata
Wodyetia bifurcata The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Foxtail Palm Wodyetia bifurcata At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Fairchild Guide to Palms: Wodyetia and Wodyetia images Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Wodyetia bifurcata The United States Botanic Garden
Wodyetia bifurcata, Foxtail Palm University of Florida
Meet the Plants Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA. Select Wodyetia bifurcata from the "Choose A Plant" menu

Wodyetia bifurcata  Wodyetia bifurcata
Foxtail Palm, Wodyetia bifurcata


Pygmy Date Palm

Phoenix roebelinii
Phoenix roebelinii Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Pygmy Date Palm Phoenix roebelenii. Moody Demonstration Garden, Arizonia
Phoenix roebelenii O'Brien Harold L. Lyon Arboretum Plant Profiles, University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Removing Potassium-deficient Leaves Accelerates Rate of Decline in Pygmy Date Palms (Phoenix roebelenii) TropicLine, University of Florida, USA
Effect of Manganese Source on Manganese Uptake by Pygmy Date Palms (Phoenix roebelenii) TropicLine, University of Florida, USA
Boron Deficiency in Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Magnesium Deficiency in Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database


Canary Island Date Palm

Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Guide to Palms: Phoenix and Phoenix images Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Phoenix canariensis Canary Island date palm. Arid Plant List, University of Arizona
Canary Island Date Palm Moody Demonstration Garden, Arizonia
Magnesium Deficiency in Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Magnesium Deficiency in Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database


Triangle Palm

Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi (Triangle Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Triangle Palm Dypsis decaryi Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Fairchild Guide to Palms: Dypsis and Dypsis images Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi
Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi Triangle palm Dypsis decaryi


Bismark Palm

Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarck Palm University of Florida
Fairchild Guide to Palms: Bismarckia and Bismarckia images Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarck Palm. Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Bismark Palm - Bismarckia nobilis Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute, California
Some small durable palms for Miami-Dade (includes a warning about the eventual size which Bismarkia may eventually grow to) University of Florida
Bismarckia nobilis Harold L. Lyon Arboretum Plant Profiles, University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Today in Key West: Bismarck Palm Louis the Plant Geek, Rhode Island USA
Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarckia Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Bismarckia nobilis Bismark Nice shots in this post at the Another Yard in Fort Pierce blog


Teddy Bear Palm

Dypsis leptocheilos
Teddy bear palm Dypsis leptocheilos Teddy bear palm Dypsis leptocheilos

Dypsis leptocheilos, Teddy Bear Palm. Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia


Redneck Palm

Dypsis lastelliana, Redneck Palm. Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia


Macarthur Palm

Ptychosperma macarthurii
Ptychosperma macarthurii Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia

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Ptychosperma macarthurii


Spindle Palm

Hyophorbe verschaffeltii - Spindle palm Hyophorbe verschaffeltii - Spindle palm Hyophorbe verschaffeltii - Spindle palm
Hyophorbe verschaffeltii - Spindle palm
Spindle palm, Hyophorbe verschaffeltii
Hyophorbe verschaffeltii (Spindle palm)James Cook University, Qld
Potassium Deficiency in Spindle Palm (Hyophorbe verschaffeltii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database

Spindle Palm

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle palm
Bottle palm, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis at the ARKive website


Cuban Royal Palm

Roystonea regia
Other names: Royal palm
Roystonea regia (Royal Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Roystonea regia Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Cuban Royal Palm (Roystonea regia), national tree of Cuba cubanaturaleza.org - Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba
Roystonea regia: Royal Palm1 Univ. Florida (PDF)
Manganese Deficiency in Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Potassium Deficiency in Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database


Solitaire Palm

Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Ptychosperma elegans (Arecaceae) National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA


Cocos Palm

Syagrus romanzoffianum
Do not plant! This species is now thoroughly out of favour due to its messy and weedy character. The following links have been included for recognition purposes. You'll still see plenty around the region, especially in older gardens (or popping up as weeds in your yard).
Syagris romanzoffiana Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Fairchild Guide to Palms: Syagrus and Syagrus images Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Queen palm (Arecastrum romanzoffianum) Dendrology at Virginia Tech
Syagrus romanzoffianum Queen palm. Arid Plant List, University of Arizona


Coconuts


Dates and other edible palm species


Chamaedorea


Cyrtostachys

Cyrtostachys renda Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Sealing Wax Palm Floers of India


Howea

Kentia Palm, Sentry Palm Howea forsteriana. Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Howea forsteriana Trees of Miami, Florida, USA

Latania

Palms in Mauritius includes information about Latania loddigesii, the Blue Latan Palm
Latania lontaroides Red Latan Palm. Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Latania lontaroides (Red latan palm)
Latania verschaffeltii (Yellow latan palm)

Licuala

Licuala ramsayi (Australian fan palm) James Cook University, Qld
Tropical Topics Newsletter, Environmental Protection Agency, Queensland Government. (Including Licuala ramsayi) (PDF)
Licuala ramsayi var. ramsayi The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Licuala ramsayi var. tuckeri The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Licuala ramsayi Ecocrop database, FAO

Livistona

Livistona chinensis Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Livistona chinensis Chinese Fan Palm University of Florida (PDF)
Livistona chinensis Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona australis (Cabbage palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona australis The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Ribbon Fan Palm (Livistona decipiens) At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Livistona decora (Weeping cabbage palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona lanuginosa (Burdekin Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona muelleri (Dwarf fan palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona rotundifolia (Livistona) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona nitida at the "A View from Yallaroo" website, NSW
Livistona rigida (Mataranka fan palm) James Cook University, Qld
Livistona australis Ecocrop database, FAO
Livistona decipiens Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Livistona benthamii The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Livistona concinna The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Livistona drudei The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Livistona muelleri The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Livistona rigida The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Livistona victoriae The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Magnesium Deficiency in Footstool Palm (Livistona rotundifolia) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database

Normanbya

Normanbya normanbyi Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Normanbya normanbyi The Taxonomy Research & Information Network
Normanby normanbyi (Black Palm) James Cook University, Qld

Redleaf Palm, New Caledonian Bloodleaf Palm

Chambeyronia macrocarpa Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
New Caledonian Palms in Cultivation Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia
Chambeyronia macrocarpa Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Chambeyronia Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Chambeyronia macrocarpa ( Flamethrower Palm ) Watermelon Form at the "A Yard In Fort Pierce" blog, Florida

Rhapis

Rhapsis excelsa (Lady palm) James Cook University, Qld
Rhapis excelsa, Lady Palm, University of Florida USA (PDF)
Lady Palm Rhapis excelsa Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Members' Day Plant Sale, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Florida, USA. see notes on Rhapis subtilis

Washingtonia

Washingtonia robusta Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Washingtonia robusta City of Los Angeles Street Tree Selection Guide
Washingtonia filifera City of Los Angeles Street Tree Selection Guide

Caryota

Caryota urens Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization

Ravenea

Carpentaria

Carpentaria Palm (Carpentaria acuminata) At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about safer alternatives to invasive ornamentals)
Carpentaria acuminata (Carpentaria Palm) James Cook University, Qld
Carpentaria acuminata The Taxonomy Research & Information Network


Other Information Online


The following links are for general information - some species or cultivars referred to in these websites may be might not be unavailable in Australia

Rainforest Palms and "Chakoro", the Fan Palm Society for Growing Australian Plants Queensland Region, Inc.
Tropical Garden Society of Sydney Includes some information on palms
Townsville Palmetum Townsville City council
PalmTalk Forum International Palm Society
Virtual Palm Encyclopedia by Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida, Inc.
Montgomery Botanical Center, Florida. Specializing in scientific collections of palms and cycads. Enthusiasts should check the newsletter archive
Palm genera Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Palms for Hawai‘i Landscapes College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Dry Growing Palmetum, St. George Village Botanical Garden St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands
El palmetum de Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Tenerife. Islas Canarias. España) A palm garden in the Canary Islands. This article is in Spanish, but has photos.

Planting and culture
Palm Production and Culture Resources at the Fort Lauderdale REC lots of information about growing palms from the University of Florida including Palm Nutrition Guide University of Florida
Nitrogen Deficiency in Reed Palm (Chamaedorea seifrizii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Iron Deficiency in Palms University of Florida
Iron Deficiency in Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Iron Deficiency in Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Potassium Deficiency in Palms University of Florida
Potassium Deficiency in Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Potassium Deficiency in Princess Palm (Dictyosperma album) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Potassium Deficiency in Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Magnesium Deficiency in Palms University of Florida
Magnesium Deficiency in Footstool Palm (Livistona rotundifolia) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Magnesium Deficiency in Pritchardia (Pritchardia sp.) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Manganese Deficiency in Palms University of Florida
Manganese Deficiency in Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Manganese Deficiency in Coconut Palm (Cocus nucifera) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Boron Deficiency in Palms University of Florida (PDF)
Boron Deficiency in Sagisi Palm (Heterospathe elata) A photograhic illustration. University of Florida NutDef Plant Nutrient Deficiency Database
Fusarium wilt of palms Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney
Pruning Palm Trees University of Nevada (PDF)
Be Prudent Pruning Palms Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Go to Palms with edible fruits, nuts ot other edible parts
Transplanting Palms University of Florida
Palm Seed Germination University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
Another Yard in Fort Pierce Blog from South Florida. Emphasis on palms, especially palm seed germination
Orange Palm Dart (Cephrenes augiades) Australian Museum Online


Older News

New Palms for War Memorial

The 12 Canary Island Date Palms at the Rockhampton War Memorial killed and damaged by Cyclone Marcia are to be replaced. Semi-advanced plants will be used to recreate the formal arrangement encircling the Cenotaph. The memorial is heritage-listed. Source: Work begins on Cenotaph Date Palms (May 2016)

Time running out for Madagascan palms

An assessment of 192 species of palm unique to Madagascar by the International Union for Conservation of Nature reveals a situation that is "truly terrifying". Agriculture, logging, mining and palm heart harvesting are all threats. Even seed collectors are causing devastation because they cut the trees down in the process. These palms are not only important for biodiversity, but are also important to local people for construction and food. Some conservation projects working with communities are underway, but the situation is critical. Some species are down to 30 or fewer individual plants. More information: Madagascar's palms near extinction (October 2012)

Palm Valley not a Gondwana relic
New analysis of central Australia's Palm Valley palms suggests that they aren't the remains of a prehistoric rainforest, but that seeds were brought from the north Aboriginal people as recently as 15,000 years ago. More at the University of Tasmania website: Humans may explain the enigma of outback palms (March 2012)

Maritime technology inspired by palm seed
Seed of the palm Dypsis rivularis have inspired the development of a coating that could replace the toxic anti-fouling paints currentlyused on ship hulls. It was suspected that the seeds, which are dispersed by ocean currents, might prevent marine organisms from colonising them by having a hairy micro-structure that is constantly moving. Initial attempts at an artificial surface mimicking the of the seeds' surface are promising. Source: Specialized seeds can really float your boat (July 2011)

Cabbage palms are not Gondwana survivors
DNA studies from University of Queensland have disproved that Australia's cabbage palms (Livistona spp.) were part of the ancient Gondwanan flora. Instead, it appears that these palms entered Australia after the break-up of Gondwana, probably from South-East Asia. The researchers also found that central Australia's Palm Valley palms are very similar to palms in the north of the Northern Territory, possibly dispersing along water courses that existed at times during the last one or two million years. Source: UQ research finds palm trees may not be native to Australia (July 2010)

New discoveries still being made after 250 years
New species discovered or described by botanists from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in its 250th year include 24 species of palms. Twenty of these come from the island of Madagascar, even though less than 10% of the island's original vegetation remains. Read more at the Kew website: Kew botanists discover over 250 new plant species in Kew's 250th year (December 2009)

Bismarkia is a Florida favourite
Celebrating a decade of the "Florida Plants of the Year" program in 2009, the Florida Nursery, Growers & Landscape Association (USA) have selected ten Plants of the Decade from previous winners. The range includes Zamioculcas zamiifolia (ZZ plant) and the the silver form of Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck Palm). More information at the FNGLA website

Palms trump power lines in Port Douglas
Cairns Regional Council have approved funds to replace the remaining overhead powerlines on Port Douglas Road with underground cables, saving the avenue of 27 African Oil Palms that were threatening power supply. Source: Iconic Palms preserved (May 2009)

A date with history
A Judean date palm has been grown from a seed found in the ruins of Masada, the Jewish fortress that fell to the Romans abround 2000 years ago. Believed to be the oldest seed ever to germinate, the resulting plant has been nicknamed Methuselah. Furthermore, it represents a previously extinct form of date palm, the fruit of which could have properties not present in modern dates. More from the American Association for the Advancement of Science: Researchers Resurrect Extinct Judean Date Palm Tree from 2,000-Year-Old Seed (June, 2008)

New palm discovery on Madagascar
The discovery of a new palm species on Madagascar is making botanical news. The rare and spectacular flowering event which betrayed its exisistence ultimately kills the tree. Read more from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (UK): New Genus of Self-destructive Palm found in Madagascar and the Human Flower Project: Diversity: Madagascar v. NYC. January 2008

New palm genus discovered
An expedition to the Wondiwoi Mountains of Indonesian New Guinea has revealed to science a new palm genus, Dransfieldia. More information from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew here: New Palm Genus Discovered in Remote Forests of New Guinea (March 2006)

Palms provide evolutionary model
The widely cultivated Kentia palm (Howea forsteriana) and another palm from Lord Howe island, the closely related H. belmoreana, have provided an interesting model for biologists investigating how two species could diverge from a common ancestor without geographic separation. Different flowering times appears to be involved in the process. More information from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew here: New Case Study Contributes to Thinking on Origin of Species (February 2006)

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