Information about plants & gardens for Brisbane & Qld



Indian Hawthorn

Synonyms: sometimes spelled Raphiolepis
Family: Rosaceae

Raphiolepis are tough but pretty shrubs. Flowers have something of the look of cherry or apple blossom, look in shades of pink or white. s such Rhaphiolepis compliments a traditional cottage or English-influenced style garden.

Most types available in Australia are cultivars or hybrids of R. indica or R. x delacourii.

Berry-producing cultivars are frowned on in Queensland these days, for fear of them being spread by birds and becoming weeds. Trim immediately after flowering to prevent berry formation, or select a sterile cultivar. Unfortunately, information about berry formation on new varieties is difficult to find.

The old R. indica variety can reach almost the size of a small tree with sufficient age, but can be readily controlled by pruning, either as a bushy shrub or a trunked tree. Some selections tend to be naturally compact.

For example, 'Apple Blossom' is a pink-flowered variety which has been around for quite a long time and grows ~1-1.5 metres. By comparison, Raphiolepis Cosmic Pink™ is a relatively new pink cultivar, which the distributors say is naturally compact up to 80cm in size. Raphiolepis Cosmic White™ is larger (to ~2m) but is said to have larger flowers than usual.

'Springtime', 'Oriental Pearl', 'Spring Rapture', 'Little Bliss' are some other varieties you could investigate.

Where to buy Rhaphiolepis

You have a good chance of finding at least one cultivar of Raphiolepsis in garden centres throughout most of Qld.

Rhaphiolepis in the Landscape

rhaphiolepis_berries rhaphiolepis_berries rhaphiolepis_berries
rhaphiolepis_berries rhaphiolepis berries
Examples of common, old-fashionedRhaphiolepis, as seen in Brisbane. Flowering season is late August/September.

pink-flowered cultivar pink-flowered cultivar
A pink-flowered cultivar, possibly 'Apple Blossom' (Brisbane, early September, 2016)

More Online Information

Indian Hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica 'Intermedia') At "Grow Me Instead" (an Australian website informing gardeners about invasive ornamentals and safer alternatives)
Indian-Hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica) Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Indian Hawthorn Rhaphiolepsis indica Rhaphiolepsis indica. Univ Florida (PDF)
Indian Hawthorn Rhaphiolepsis indica. Nassau County Extension, Florida (PDF)
When to Prune Flowering Shrubs Texas A&M University
Indian Hawthorn Clemson University, South Carolina
Indian Hawthorn Rhaphiolepis indica. Univ. Florida
GRIN Species Records of Rhaphiolepis Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
Possible misspellings: Raphiolepsis, Rhaphiolepsis

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