Information & resources about plants & gardens for Brisbane & Qld
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Murraya paniculata (syn. Murraya exotica) and other Murraya species & cultivars

Common names: Mock orange, Orange Jessamine, Orange Jasmine
Family: Rutaceae

Murraya paniculata is one of the most popular hedging plants around South East Queensland. Its vigorous nature make it suitable for large formal, semi-formal or informal hedges. For short formal hedges under 1.5 m, consider slower growing and more densely foliaged alternatives.

However, there is now at least one dwarf cultivar of Murraya on the market which may prove suitable for miniature hedges.

Perfumed creamy flowers are also a feature if not removed by hedging treatments. The name Mock Orange comes from their similarity to orange blossom, and indeed Murraya is the same family as Citrus. There is also a citrusy aroma when the leaves are crushed, and small red fruits follow the flowers.

The regular species can be trained as a small tree.

Murraya paniculata (also known as M. ovatifoliolata or M paniculata var. ovatifoliolata) is a native of Australia, but the plants commonly in cultivation probably originated in Asia (Reference: Wrigley J.W. and Fagg, M. 1998 Australian native Plants (4th Ed) Reed New Holland, Sydney p423). Murraya exotica is usually referred to as a synonym of M. paniculata, although some consider there to be two separate species. Wrigley and Fagg refer to the cultivated Murraya as M. exotica..

A drawback of the commonly grown exotic Murraya is that it is considered an environmental weed in many districts. (e.g Lismore City Council.) While there may be at least one strain of vegetatively propagated Murraya with reduced fruiting (see Grow Me Instead - Mock Orange Murraya paniculata (cutting grown form)), it is difficult for the consumer to make an informed choice unless these plants are clearly identified in the marketplace. If anyone has any information about sterile named cultivars of Murraya paniculata, if they exist, please get in touch. Alternatives such as Lilly Pillies are another option for hedging for those concerned about the weed potential of Murraya.

Other plants known as "Mock Orange" include Choisya ternata and Philadelphus species, but are less suitable for subtropical climates.

Where to buy Murraya in Qld

Common Murraya is widely available in Queensland garden centres and other plant outlets. The dwarf Murraya may be a little harder to find, but is nevertheless quite widely available. Unless it becomes better promoted as an alternative, you'll have to pursue the native species via native plant specialists.

For nurseries in Qld offering large sized plants suitable for instant hedges for sale, try looking here: Advanced Plants.

Murraya in the Landscape

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Other Information Resources

Mock Orange Murraya paniculata (seedling grown form)At the "Grow Me Instead" website (an Australian website informing gardeners about environmental weeds and safer alternatives)
Native Mock Orange Murraya ovatifoliolata At the "Grow Me Instead" website
Murraya National Weeds Strategy, Australia
Murraya paniculata University of Florida (PDF)
Murraya exotica L. factsheet from United States Dept Agriculture Forest Service, USA (PDF)
Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack, Rutaceae information from Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)
Murraya paniculata Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Murraya paniculata Missouri Botanical Garden
Murraya paniculata Weed risk assessments for Hawaii and Pacific Islands
Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae) Includes notes on Murraya paniculata. Telopea (Journal of plant systematics)(PDF)

Possible Misspellings: Muraya, Murrhaya, Murria, Marraya, Morraya, Marrhaya, Morrhaya



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