Information about plants & gardens for Brisbane & Qld
Plumeria species and cultivarsFamily: Apocynaceae
Frangipani are one of the iconic flowers of the tropics. This page is intended to bring you information about this group of plants (and where to buy them), with particular reference to Queensland.
Nurseries supplying Frangipani plants to QLD
May include online suppliers. For the most up-to-date information on plants in stock, opening hours, prices etc, be sure to visit the seller's website or contact the business directly.
If you operate a frangipani nursery offering plants for sale to the public in Qld, or if you're a Qld garden centre with a particularly good selection of frangipani, please get in touch about advertising.
The most common types of Plumera in Queensland fall into two groups:
Plumeria rubra (P. acutifolia), which loses most or all of its leaves in winter in SE Qld. The most familiar flower colour found in local gardens is white with a yellow centre, but pinks and multi-tones are not uncommon. Many named cultivars are now available in a range of colour and petal variations.
The evergreen frangipani Plumeria obtusa is also becoming popular in modern landscapes. The flowers - typically white with a yellow eye - have more rounded petals and the foliage is handsome. 'Singapore Pink' is a dwarf form popular for containers. In spite of the name, however, the "evergreen" frangipani is likely to lose its leaves in winter in Brisbane conditions.
Plumeria pudica is covered on another page: Plumeria pudica
Some cultivated types may, in reality, be hybrids of these or other Plumeria species. You may also find other Plumeria species on the market occasionally.
There are some dwarf frangipani available. P. obtusa 'Singapore Pink' is one of the best known and should be relatively easy to obtain, but others are available from specialist nurseries.
Frangipani rust (Coleosporium plumeriae) has unfortunately cursed Plumeria in Australia in recent decades. Although it will not kill the tree, it will be debilitating and looks awful, too. Picking up fallen, spore-bearing leaves and disposing of them in the rubbish bin will not prevent the disease but could - in theory - reduce the potential for re-infection.
While it may take many years to develop into a substantial tree, you can get a head start by obtaining large pieces in late winter and striking them directly in the ground, much as you would do with smaller succulents. Allow any cuttings to dry out for a couple of weeks. When placing in soil, stake securely. Large pieces will be very top-heavy but it's important that they are held firmly in place until a sufficient root system can develop to support the plant. To play it safe, leave giant cuttings staked for at least two years.
If you're looking for more general information about growing frangipanni, check out the selection of links below.
If you're looking for places to buy frangipanni in Qld, check the directory above. These should be able to help if you're looking for a particular colour or named cultivar, or if you're a collector seeking rare or unusual types. However, your local garden centre will probably have some to get you started, provided you live in an area where they will grow.
Other plants which go under the common name "Frangipani"
The co-called "Climbing Frangipani" is not a Plumeria, but Chonemorpha fragans (although it belongs to the same family, Apocynaceae. More information here: Chonemorpha fragans
The Australian "Native Frangipani" is not a Plumeria either. Hymenosporum flavum belongs to a different family, the Pittosporaceae. More information here: Hymenosporum
Another Australian native plant, Cerbera manghas, is sometimes called frangipani, too See:
Plants of the Tip of Cape York at the Tropical Savannas CRC website
Cerbera manghas James Cook University, Qld
Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA. Select Cerbera manghas from the "Choose A Plant" menu
Frangipani in the LandscapeClick for larger image.
Just a few examples of Plumeria rubra flowers. The variety is almost endless.
Habit of whole tree
Still leafless in mid-September (Salisbury, Brisbane 2013)
New flower clusters and leaves beginning to emerge
Rust infected leaves, which may result in premature leaf fall
Other Information Resources
Note that some varieties illustrated in international links may not be available in Australia (or may be known by a different name). If you're interested in obtaining similar varieties, contact an Australian frangipani nursery (some listed above) for further assistance.
Plumeria 101 USA
Plumeria University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF)
Plumeria in Hawaii University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF)
the frangipani man Information and cultural advice from a frangipani enthusiast
Plumeria Rubra University of Florida (PDF)
Four Forms of Plumeria rubra Discusses the confused taxonomy of the rubra types. University of Florida (PDF)
Plumeria rubra Frangipani. University of Florida (PDF)
Frangipani (Plumeria rubra) Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Plumerias.com A variety of information including up-to-date news on international conferences and publications about Plumeria is available on this site.
Plumerias' photos A set of albums (assembled by Plumerias.com - see above) with lots to interest the plumeria fanatic
Frangipani for a tropical look University of Florida
P. rubra, P. obtusa, P. cubensis, P. stenphylla Part of the "Meet the Plants" Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA (select from dropdown menu)
Valley Of The Sun Plumeria Society, Arizona
Les Frangipaniers A website from Laos celebrating the country's national flower. Visit for the photographs, even if you don't speak French.
South Coast Plumeria Society, Southern California
A Plumeria Journal Notes about Plumeria culture in Northern California
Plumerias provide Hawaiian beauty Mississippi State University
Frangipani - Well Known Exotic Tropical Hendry County Horticulture News, Florida
Plumeria rubra (frangipani, cascalosuchil) Information about one of the natural habitats of Plumeria, including photographs. Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico (Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum)
Plumeria rubra Conabio website, Mexico (PDF) This factsheet is in Spanish, but appears to have some useful information for those wishing to investigate the origins of Plumeria, including local names for the plant.
Plumeria (Frangipani) Photos of plumeria (including a some taken in Vietnam and Thailand) at www.flowerpictures.net
My frangipani won't bloom Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture
How can I get my plumerias to bloom? Texas A&M University
Relocating frangipanis at ourbrisbane.com
Growth response of Plumeria to photoperiod and gibberellic acid Reproduction of a 1963 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)
Frangipani Rust at the Frangipani Society of Australia
Frangipani rust (Coleosporium plumeriae synonym C. domingense ) Queensland Department of Primary Industries
Plumeria Rust University of Hawaii (PDF)
Frangipani rust Coleosporium plumeriae Pat. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
Unusual Plumeria Species
Plumeria pudica is now on its own page on this website: Plumeria pudica
Plumeria alba White Frangipani, University of Florida (PDF)
Caribbean Frangipani (Plumeria alba) Nancy and Walker's Scrapbook
Caribbean Frangipani In The Wild Nancy and Walker's Scrapbook
Plumeria alba (Syn: P. hypoleuca) An unusual species common on the Virgin Islands. University of Florida (PDF)
Apocynaceae: Brown and now Scientific article about the classification of this family. Telopea (Journal of plant systematics)(PDF)
Below are a selection of pages related to the topic of frangipani propagation. Many of the other sites listed above will also contain information about plumeria propagation.
How are plumerias propagated? Galveston County Master Gardener Association
Plumeria University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF) Includes some notes on propagation by cuttings and seed.
Plumeria Seeds and Seedlings Plumeria Care Bulletin - Vol. 5 No. 2 (The Plumeria Society of America, Inc.)
Why grow frangipani trees from seed? Frangipani Society of Australia
PlumeriaTC.org Plumeria Tissue Culture Research
Plumeria in Southern California / Three types of graftings from Bud Guillot. 6/19/2002 a good photo demonstrating grafting techniques at www.flowerpictures.net
Hydroponic Rooting Project at "A Plumeria Journal"
Flowers, fragrance and floristry
Most of the general information sites and nurseries above have photographs of frangipani flowers. Those are good if shopping for new varieties to add to your collection, or if you help with identifiction of a tree in your yard.
The following pages look at the biology of flowers and flowering in more detail, commercial use of the blossoms in floral arrangements or perfumery, and other religious or cultural uses.
What is the True Plumeria Fragrance? Horticulture Digest, Flower and Nursery Information No. 102, August 1994. Hawaii Cooperative Extension Service, USA
Ethephon forces plumeria for winter flowering Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF)
A Lei for All Seasons University of Hawaii at Manoa
Leis Some more interesting links about leis in general
ASEAN National Flowers (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) The plumeria (Dok Champa) is the national flower and offical symbol of Laos.
Frangipani in the landscape
Bromeliads under the red Frangipani Example of combining frangipani with bromeliads with a Balinese touch. Central Coast NSW Bromeliad Society
2000/01 Horticulture Technical Annual Report Department of Primary Industry, Fisheries and Mines, Northern Territory (refers to some work on new dwarf varieties)
Possible Misspellings: frangipanni, frangpani, frangpanni, farngipani, franipani, franipanni, plumaria