The most common types of Plumera in Queensland fall into two groups:
Plumeria rubra (P. acutifolia), which loses most or all of its leaves in winter in SE Qld. The most familiar flower colour found in local gardens is white with a yellow centre, but pinks and multi-tones are not uncommon. Many named cultivars are now available in a range of colour and petal variations.
The evergreen frangipani Plumeria obtusa is also becoming popular in modern landscapes. The flowers (most commonly white with a yellow eye) have more rounded petals and the foliage is handsome. In spite of the name, however, the "evergreen" frangipani is likely to lose its leaves in winter in Brisbane conditions.
Plumeria pudica is relatively new on the scene in Queensland. It's evergreen or almost so (depending on how cold it is) with unusually shaped leaves. It has white (non-fragrant) frangipani-style flowers on a bush/small tree that is more upright and denser foliaged than more familiar frangipanis.
Some cultivated types may, in reality, be hybrids of these or other Plumeria species. You may also find other Plumeria species on the market occasionally.
There are some dwarf frangipani available. P. obtusa 'Singapore Pink' is one of the best known and should be relatively easy to obtain, but others are available from specialist nurseries.
Frangipani rust (Coleosporium plumeriae) has unfortunately cursed Plumeria in Australia in recent decades. Although it will not kill the tree, it will be debilitating and looks awful, too. Picking up fallen, spore-bearing leaves and disposing of them in the rubbish bin will not prevent the disease but could - in theory - reduce the potential for re-infection.
While it may take many years to develop into a substantial tree, you can get a head start by obtaining large pieces in late winter and striking them directly in the ground, much as you would do with smaller succulents. Allow any cuttings to dry out for a couple of weeks. When placing in soil, stake securely. Large pieces will be very top-heavy but it's important that they are held firmly in place until a sufficient root system can develop to support the plant. To play it safe, leave giant cuttings staked for at least two years.
If you're looking for more general information about growing frangipanni, check out the selection of links below.
If you're looking for places to buy frangipanni in Qld, check the directory above. These should be able to help if you're looking for a particular colour or named cultivar, or if you're a collector seeking rare or unusual types. However, your local garden centre will probably have some to get you started, provided you live in an area where they will grow.
Other plants which go under the common name "Frangipani"
The co-called "Climbing Frangipani" is not a Plumeria, but Chonemorpha fragans (although it belongs to the same family, Apocynaceae. More information here: Chonemorpha fragans
The Australian "Native Frangipani" is not a Plumeria either. Hymenosporum flavum belongs to a different family, the Pittosporaceae. More information here: Hymenosporum
Another Australian native plant, Cerbera manghas, is sometimes called frangipani, too See:
Pacific flora database
of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA. Select Cerbera manghas
from the "Choose A Plant" menu
Frangipani in the Landscape
Click for larger image.
Just a few examples of Plumeria rubra flowers. The variety is almost endless.
Still leafless in mid-September (Salisbury, Brisbane 2013)
New flower clusters and leaves beginning to emerge in late September (Acacia Ridge, Brisbane 2015)
Seedpods and healthy foliage
Leaves heavily infected with rust at the end of the season (Sunnybank, Brisbane, late April 2017)
Other Information Resources
Note that some varieties illustrated in international links may not be available in Australia (or may be known by a different name). If you're interested in obtaining similar varieties, contact an Australian frangipani nursery (some listed above) for further assistance.
University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF)
) Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
A variety of information including up-to-date news on international conferences and publications about Plumeria is available on this site.
A set of albums (assembled by Plumerias.com - see above) with lots to interest the plumeria fanatic
A website from Laos celebrating the country's national flower. Visit for the photographs, even if you don't speak French.
Conabio website, Mexico (PDF) This factsheet is in Spanish, but appears to have some useful information for those wishing to investigate the origins of Plumeria, including local names for the plant.
Photos of plumeria (including a some taken in Vietnam and Thailand) at www.flowerpictures.net
synonym C. domingense
) Queensland Department of Primary Industries
Many of the websites above may also contain information on the less commonly cultivated species
Bridal Bouquet, Fiddle Leaf Plumeria. University of Florida (PDF)
in: 2004 Fairchild Plants of the Year, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida (PDF)
(Syn: P. hypoleuca
) An unusual species common on the Virgin Islands. University of Florida (PDF)
Apocynaceae: Brown and now
Scientific article about the classification of this family. Telopea (Journal of plant systematics)(PDF)
Below are a selection of pages related to the topic of frangipani propagation. Many of the other sites listed above will also contain information about plumeria propagation.
Hydroponic Rooting Project at "A Plumeria Journal"
University of Hawaii at Manoa (PDF) Includes some notes on propagation by cuttings and seed.
Flowers, fragrance and floristry
Most of the general information sites and nurseries above have photographs of frangipani flowers. Those are good if shopping for new varieties to add to your collection, or if you help with identifiction of a tree in your yard.
The following pages look at the biology of flowers and flowering in more detail, commercial use of the blossoms in floral arrangements or perfumery, and other religious or cultural uses.
Some more interesting links about leis in general
ASEAN National Flowers
(Association of Southeast Asian Nations) The plumeria (Dok Champa
) is the national flower and offical symbol of Laos.
Frangipani in the landscape
Possible Misspellings: frangipanni, frangpani, frangpanni, farngipani, franipani, franipanni, plumaria