Information & resources about plants & gardens for Brisbane & Qld
 

 


Fruit trees

plus other fruiting plants & nut trees


This page will have special emphasis on the home garden, especially the small modern suburban garden in the subtropical and tropical parts of Queensland.

Note that fruits grown as annual crops, noteably melons, have more in common with vegetables than fruit trees in terms of cultivation, and you may find additional information via the Vegetables page.


News

Super plum from Queensland

The first commercial harvest of a new high-anthocyanin plum bred in Queensland is set to take advantage of the market for antioxidant-boosted foods. Production of the new Queen Garnet plums has started on the Southern Downs. The fruit is destined for processing into juice and other health foods. Queensland plum set to pack a powerful punch in the health food market (January 2014)

Older news at bottom of page.


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Suppliers of fruit trees, fruiting plants or related products & services

Regular garden centres will usually carry some common fruit trees and fruiting plants. If you want a broader selection, or rare and unusual tropical species, you'll probably have to locate a specialist fruit tree nursery or edible plants nursery.

The following may include online suppliers. For the most up-to-date information on plants in stock, opening hours, prices etc, be sure to visit the seller's website or contact the business directly.

VAN VEEN ORGANICS

70 Bigmor Drive
Elimbah, Qld 4510
(by appointment)
Ph: (07) 5408 6470
Mob: 0422 107 914
vanveenorganics.com

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van Veen Organics is a growing permaculture plant nursery, educational centre and consultancy.

The nursery supplies a range of quality, affordable native species, fruit trees and other edible or medicinal plants. Open to the public via appointment (including after-hours pickups) and most Fridays.

Permaculture consultation, design and implementation.

Workshop schedule is available at the WEBSITE, plus more about the services available, plant lists and helpful permaculture garden advice.
 
SWEETS STRAWBERRY RUNNERS

sweetstrawberryrunners.com.au

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illustration
Sweets Strawberry Runners, suppliers to commercial growers for over 15 years, also offer quality disease-free strawberry planting stock to home gardeners and nurseries. No order too big or too small.

A number of varieties to choose from, including Queensland-bred strawberries such as 'Redlands Joy'.

Runners generally posted from April onwards, subject to seasonal fluctuations and varietal differences. Not available for Western Australia or Tasmania.

For more information on the strawberry varieties available or to place an order, visit the Sweets Strawberry Runners WEBSITE.
 
TURNER'S GARDEN CENTRE

473 Miles Platting Road
Rochedale, Qld 4123
Ph: 3341 5214
turnersgardencentre.com.au
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Turner's Garden Centre has been helping gardeners for over 30 years. Friendly, practical advice from horticulturally-trained staff is always on hand.

There's a full range of plants from traditional to trendy, including new-release natives, exotic flowers and lush indoor varieties. Customers will love the range of plant care products, mixes, mulches, pots, planters and organic solutions.

Garden ornaments including animals come in a range of materials and colours to decorate walls or garden. Be tempted by ready-to-go potted plants in funky pots.

Turner's is famous throughout the Brisbane region for its edibles, with more than 400 varieties of fruit trees, vegetables and herbs in stock. Home of the Turner's Lemonade Tree, citrus are a speciality.

For a detailed list of available varieties take a look at the informative website: www.turnersgardencentre.com.au

GARDEN EXPRESS

Garden Express

To check the current range and availability of fruit and other edible plants offered by Garden Express visit their WEBSITE

INTERESTED IN ADVERTISING HERE? Do you sell fruit trees, fruiting vines or herbaceous or semi herbaceous fruiting plants (e.g. strawberries, tamarillos, pepinos etc) to the public in Queensland? How to Advertise.

More about fruit

As garden sizes shrink, home fruit growers face a variety of problems besides a simple lack of space. For example, the roots of vigorous trees could threaten pipes or foundations (not only yours but your neighbours').

The close proximity of neighbours to food-producing gardens could also create conflicts with respect to sprays, smelly fertilisers, potential to attract birds, bats or vermin, or even just the look of your yard. Such factors have to be considered when planning your garden and in the ongoing maintenance.

One of the key factors in any garden design is of course the plants. There are lots of fruiting plants suitable for small spaces, from strawberries up to dwarf fruit trees or fruit trees grafted onto a dwarfing rootstock. Ask your local garden centre about dwarf trees available locally, or better still, find a good fruit tree nursery in your area.

A subject that is bound to get more and more interest is the subject of growing fruit in containers. While lots of crops can theoretically be grown in pots, whether it is worth the effort in terms of yield is another matter. (How to get the best harvests and the best varieties to grow under these conditions is also something to explore via these pages in the future. Meanwhile, do take the time to explore the links provided at the bottom of the page.)

A good fruit for a beginner might be a lemon tree. Even if your fruit-growing skills or local growing conditions are less than perfect, they are still very useful trees to have. The problem of fruit not being sweet enough is not going to be such an issue as it is with oranges and mandarins. Low yields aren't a great problem either because even a few are handy to have on hand for cooking and other uses around the house. They even look good just aranged in a bowl. There are many varieties to choose from, depending on your situation. If you have the space, why not try a couple?

Another advantage of a lemon tree is that it looks good too, in the ground or in a pot, especially for a Mediteranean or cottage garden style. Many fruiting plants are attractive in their own right and, mixed with non-edible ornamentals or other edible plants, could be incorporated into a visually appealing garden design.

The Coastal regions of Qld, being subtropical or tropical in climate, are well suited to fruits from those regions. Special varieties of other fruits such as peaches and nectarine and blueberries, may be grown in warmer climates than normally associated with such fruits. Look out for cultivars labelled "low chill". better still ask a good fruit tree nursery in your district for advice on what grows best locally.



More Online Information

The following links have been mostly selected with an emphasis on tropical, subtropical and Mediterranean fruits. This collection is an ongoing project. There's a long way to go, but you may find some useful background information here.

Note that some of the information in links may be targeted at farmers rather than home gardeners, and originate in many parts of the world. Therefore, regulations may differ (e.g. with respect to pests, diseases and pesticides). Even information of local origin could be out-of-date. Check with a relevant authority in your region, if in doubt.

Furthermore, some species/varieties referred to in links may not be available in Australia.

General

Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries Queensland. (check the Qld DPI website for news about pest and diseases etc in Queensland, in addition to cultural information about a variety of fruit species)
Introduction to fruits for wet tropical North Queensland Dept Primary Industries & Fisheries, Qld
Growing fruit, vegetables and herbs Water-efficient gardening guide from Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management (PDF)
Australian Tropical Fruits Portal Various information about using tropical fruits and links to various industry association websites. Northern Territory Horticultural Association
Atcros On Internet an online version of the Australasian Tree Crops Source Book
RIDC Free Research Publications includes articles on various fruits. Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation
Fruits of Warm Climates by Julia F. Morton information from the book available online at the NewCROPTM website (Center for New Crops & Plant Products, Purdue University, USA)
Hort Extension Aggie Horticulture Extension, Texas A&M University, USA
Free CTAHR Publications College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
Farmer's Bookshelf Information on Tropical Crop Production in Hawaii, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
HawaiiFruit.net Assorted information about fruit production in Hawaii
The Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA. Check the section on Economic Botany
Asia Food A glossary of Asian ingredients including many fruits. Asia Society
New Fruits for Arid Climates Unusual fruits trialled in Israel
Florida Food Fare Includes notes and recipes for several unusual fruits such as cumquats, jaboticaba, black sapote and others. Univ. of Florida Extension, Sarasota County
American Pomological Society (some info on registered cultivar names for fruit and nut crops)
Fruitscapes Information about fruit in Florida landscapes, University of Florida

Flowering and fruiting, Pollination


Growing fruit in pots or small spaces

Growing Fruit Crops in Containers at the California Rare Fruit Growers website
Growing Fruit Crops in Containers University of Florida
Growing Tropical Fruit in Containers Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Growing Fruit Crops in Containers California Rare Fruit Growers
Fruit trees for pots and smaller gardens Royal Horticultural Society, UK
Growing Fruit Trees in Limited Space California Rare Fruit Growers
Small Trees for Miami-Dade Landscapes (selection includes some fruit trees) University of Florida (PDF)
Container-grown olives Royal Horticultural Society, UK
Espalier training of fruit trees is fun, but demanding Extension Service Garden Hints, Oregon State University
Planting trouble: multiple trees in one hole Post at The Garden Professors blog, Washington State University
More about container gardening in general here: Gardening in Containers
See also links on multigrafting and dwarfing rootstocks below
Check also information about individual species/varieties for more about growing that type of fruit in pots

Propagation, grafting

How do Rootstocks Affect Canopy Development? HortResearch Publication at the Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand website
Plant Propagation Chart California Rare Fruit Growers
Grow Different Types of Citrus Fruits On The Same Tree Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Growing Rare Fruit From Seed California Rare Fruit Growers
Propagating trials with some tropical species (Discusses the difficulty of vegetative propagation of many tropical tree species, fruit and ornamental) Reproduction of a 1974 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)
Germination and Propagation Various notes about growing fruit trees from seeds at the ECHO website
Lemon Tree from Seed New Mexico State University

Here are some other sites/pages dealing with individual species or genera:

Acerola Cherry
Malpighia glabra. These links have been included on the Malpighia page

Avocado
These links have been moved to a new page: Avocados

Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding fruit, Chocolate Pudding Tree
These links have been moved to a new page: Chocolate Pudding Fruit

Blueberry
These links have been moved to a new page: Blueberries

Citrus
These links have been moved to a new page: Citrus

Coconuts, dates and other palms with edible products
These have their own page here: Edible palm species

Custard apple and relatives
Fruits in the home garden Custard apples Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)
Growing custard apples Common questions Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)
Yellow Peach Moth in rare fruit Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)
Queensland fruit fly in rare fruit Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)
Custard Apple Growing in Far North Queensland Article about sugar apple (sweetsop) at the Rare Fruit Council of Australia website
Artificial Pollination of Sugar Apple and Atemoya Food & Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific region
Insect Pollination Of Cultivated Crop Plants - Cherimoya United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service
Cherimoya Fruit Facts Annona cherimola California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
Annona cherimola (Cherimoya) Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Annona squamosa (Sugar Apple, Custard apple) Flowers of India
Annona squamosa (sugar apple, sweetsop, scaly custard apple) Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Annona squamosa Trees of Miami, Florida
Annona squamosa Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Annona atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa hybrid) Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Annona reticulata Netted Custard Apple, Bullock's heart, Bull's heart Flowers of India
Annona scleroderma Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization

Dragon fruit
Pitaya - Dragon Fruit Northern Territory Department of Primary Industry, Fisheries and Mines
Pitaya (Dragon Fruit) Northern Territory Department of Primary Industry, Fisheries and Mines (PDF)
Pitaya Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (Hylocereus undatus and other species and hybrids) University of Florida
Pitayas (Genus Hylocereus): A New Fruit Crop for the Negev Desert of Israel at the Center for New Crops & Plant Products website
Introducing the Dragon Fruit Agriculture Business Week, Phillipines

Jaboticaba
These links have been moved to a new page: Jaboticaba

Jackfruit and relatives
Jackfruit - Artocarpus heterophyllus Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Jackfruit - How to tell when it is ripe Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Jackfruit - Postharvest Fruit Rot Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Paul Andrew on Jakfruit Article at the Rare Fruit Australia website
Jackfruit Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Jackfruit Artocarpus heteropyllus. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Jackfruit Cultivar Descriptions Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Artocarpus heterophyllus Jackfruit. Online Manual of Subtropical Landscaping Plants, Palm Beach Community College, Florida
Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus. Flowers of India
Artocarpus heterophyllus Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Artocarpus heterophyllus Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit. Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Artocarpus altilis Trees of Miami, Florida, USA
Chempedak - Artocarpus integer Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
The Kwai Muk, A tropical fruit tree for Southern Florida (Artocarpus hypargyraeus) Reproduction of a1984 article from the Florida State Horticultural Society

Lychee, Longan, Rambutan
Lychee and Longan The Pollination Program, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Australia
'Egami', a new longan cultivar from Hawaii University of Hawai`i at Manoa (PDF)
Lychees Online U.S. website with lot's of information on growing and using lychees
Lychee Litchi chinensis Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden

Macadamia
These links have been moved to a new page: Macadamia

Mango
These links have been moved to a new page: Mango

Mangosteen
www.mangosteen.com Lots of information about the renowned mangosteen, its biology and cultivation
Mangosteen: general crop management Qld Dept of Primary Industries
Mangosteen: insect pest and disease management Qld Dept of Primary Industries
Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) AgroForestryTree Database
Garcinia mangostana Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization

Melons
These have been included with other pumpkins & cucumbers: Cucurbits

Miracle Fruit
These links have been moved to a new page: Miracle fruit

Monstera deliciosa
Some links about this species have been included on the page covering Philodendrons and similar plants here:
Olives
These links have been moved to a new page: Olives

Passionfruit
These links have been moved to a new page: Passionfruit

Papaw (Papaya)
These links have been moved to a new page: Papaw

Pepino
These links have been moved to a new page: Pepino

Persimmon
Persimmon Tips Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Persimmon California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
Persimmon The Pollination Program, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Australia
Growing Persimmons Backyard Gardener column, January 7, 2004. Arizona Cooperative Extension, University of Arizona
Oriental Persimmons - Attractive & Delicious! Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Persimmons, an unusual fruit in out supermarkets and Astringency in the persimmon Two articles in Harrisiana, Newsletter of the friends of the Harris Garden, UK

Pomegranate
Pomegranates Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld Inc.
Pomegranate Tips Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Pomegranate California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
Pomegranate Program Lots of links to firther information. University of California
Pomegranate The Pollination Program, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Australia
Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Horticulture Update, Texas A&M University
Punica granatum Pomegranate. University of Arizona
Growing Pomegranates Backyard Gardener column, August 29, 2001. Arizona Cooperative Extension, University of Arizona
Pomegranates Well Suited to Tucson Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Pomegranate fruit facts California Rare Fruit Growers
The Pomegranate University of Florida
Pomegranate Virginia Cooperative Extension
The Pomegranate: New Interest in an Ancient Fruit In Chronica Horticulturae, September 2008, International Society for Horticultural Science (PDF)
Dwarf Pomegranate Paghat's Garden, USA

Sapodilla
Sapodilla Manilkara zapota. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Sapodilla Fruit Facts Manilkara zapota California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen; sapote, sapodilla Flora of Kaxil Kiuic, Yucatan, Mexico
Manilkara zapota AgroForestryTree Database
Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA. Select Manilkara zapota (Sapodilla) from the "Choose A Plant" menu
Sapodilla Manilkara zapota (Recipes) Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Manilkara zapota some photos (click on the thumnails) Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plants, Florida

Starfruit
These links have been moved to a new page: Starfruit

Stonefruit
These links have been moved to a new page: Stonefruit

Strawberry
These links have been moved to a new page: Strawberry

Tamarillo
These links have been moved to a new page: Tamarillo

White Sapote
White Sapote from Fruits of Warm Climates by Julia F. Morton
White Sapote California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
South Florida Tropicals: White Sapote (Casimiroa edulis) University of Florida
White Sapote Growing in the Home Landscape (Casimiroa edulis and C. tetrameria and hybrids) University of Florida
Casimiroa edulis Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
White Sapote in: Insect Pollination Of Cultivated Crop Plants. USDA Agricultural Research Service
White Sapote (Casimiroa edulis) Garden Adventures blog, Florida
The White Sapote: Cultivars, Public Appeal and Commercial Production in Florida Reproduction of a 1994 article, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (PDF)

Assorted Others
Abiu - Pouteria caimito Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
Abiu Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (Pouteria caimito) University of Florida
The Abiu (Pouteria caimito) Qld Dept of Primary Industries
Achacharu Rhedia sp. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
The Tree Tomato (Cyphomandra betacea) Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information, Florida
Caimito (Star Apple) Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (Chrysophyllum cainito) University of Florida
Chrysophyllum cainito AgroForestryTree Database
Chrysophyllum cainito Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Ambarella (Spondias dulcis syn. S. cytherea) from Fruits of Warm Climates by Julia F. Morton
Spondias cytherea Ambarella Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Selected Eugenia Species (Cherry of the Rio Grande, Grumichama, Pitomba, Surinam Cherry) University of Florida
The Cherry of the Rio Grande (Eugenia aggregata) Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information, Florida
The Grumichama (Eugenia dombeyi) Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information, Florida
The Pitomba (Eugenia luschnathiana) Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information, Florida
Genetic Diversity in Pineapple in Chronica Horticulturae, September 2011, International Society for Horticultural Science (PDF)
Ananas comosus Pineapple. Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Ficus carica Edible fig. University of Arizona, USA
Fruiting Fig Well Suited to Desert Landscapes Arid-Southwestern Gardening Information, University of Arizona
Feijoa sellowiana Pineapple guava. University of Arizona
Pineapple Guava / Feijoa (Feijoa sellowiana) Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information, Florida
The name of the apple Scientific article about the nomenclature of cultivated apples. Telopea (Journal of plant systematics) (PDF)
Tamarindus indica Meet the Plants database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA
Canistel Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (Pouteria campechiana) University of Florida
Pouteria campechiana Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
The Maya Fruit: Canistel Pouteria campechiana. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
Pacific flora database of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, USA. Select Pouteria campechiana (Canistel) from the "Choose A Plant" menu
Morus alba Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Morus nigra Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Mamey Sapote (Recipes) Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Mamey Sapote in: Insect Pollination Of Cultivated Crop Plants. USDA Agricultural Research Service
Pistacia vera Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Pecan - Carya illinoensis Mark Rieger's Fruit Crop Home Page, The University of Georgia
Transplanting Mature Pecan Trees New Mexico State University
Anacardium occidentale Cashew nut. Ecocrop database, Food and Agriculture Organization
Anacardium occidentale Flowers of India
Malabar Chestnut Fruit Facts Pachira aquatica. California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.
Malabar Chestnut Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland
The Saba Nut II The Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
The Saba Nut I The Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Pachira aquatica "Botany Photo of the Day", University of British Columbia Botanical Garden & Centre for Plant Research
Mamey Sapote Pouteria sapota. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida
The Equilibrium Fund The Maya Nut Program promotes the use of the tropical tree species Brosimum alicastrum as a healthy and sustainable food source
Brosimum alicastrum AgroForestryTree Database
Brosimum alicastrum Swartz; ramon; breadnut Flora of Kaxil Kiuic, Yucatan, Mexico
Non-wood forest products from conifers Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.) California Rare Fruit Growers
Tips for fruit tree recovery after a cyclone Dept Primary Industries & Fisheries, Queensland
The Breadfruit Institute at the National Tropical Botanical Garden in Hawaii

Older News

Big hopes for small trees

The "Small Tree-High Productivity" (STHP) initiative is a long-term Queensland research project which aims to repeat the success of high-density apple cultivation in tropical fruit crops. Through the development of smaller trees, productivity and profitability gains should be possible in crops like mango, macadamia and avocado. They'll will be the focus of the initiative, but it's possible that the findings could be applied to other tropical and subtropical fruits. Aproaches may include dwarfing rootstocks, pruning techniques, tree architecture, breeding and genetic engineering. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), University of Queensland will be collaborating with other research institutions and grower associations on the project, which may span 20 years. Source: Small tree, big yield - the future of food growth (February 2013)

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